Glossary of Terms

- Q -

QUARRIED STONE: Stone which has been extracted from the earth by means of manpower and machines.

QUARRIER: One who extracts natural stone from a quarry.

QUARRY: The location of an operation where a natural deposit of stone is removed from the ground.

QUARRY BLOCK: Generally a rectangular piece of rough stone as it comes from the quarry, frequently scabbed (dressed) or wire-sawed for shipment.

QUARRY RUN: In building stone, unselected materials within the ranges of color and texture available from the quarry that is the source.

QUARRY SAP: Natural moisture in stone deposits and freshly quarried stone.

QUARTER ROUND: A molding having a profile of one-quarter of a circle

QUARTZ: Silicon dioxide occurring in colorless and transparent or colored hexagonal crystals and also in crystalline masses. One of the most common minerals, the chief constituent of quartz-based stone and granite.

QUARTZ-BASED STONE: This stone may be either sedimentary in formation or metamorphic.

QUARTZITE: A compact granular rock composed of quartz crystals, usually so firmly cemented as to make the mass homogeneous.The stone is generally quarried in stratified layers, the surfaces of which are unusually smooth, and the crushing and tensile strength are extremely high.The color range is wide. Or, a silver-gray, metamorphic sandstone formed in exceedingly hard layers. In some deposits, intrusion of minerals during the formation process created unusual shades of brown and gold.

QUARTZITIC SANDSTONE: A metamorphic sandstone consisting of quartz grains cemented with silica, but not as hard as quartzite. Geologically, it is an intermediate rock between sandstone and quartzite.

QUEEN CLOSURE: A cut brick having a nominal two-inch horizontal face dimension.

QUICKLIME: Calcium oxide that is crushed limestone that has been calcined.

QUIRK MITRE JOINT: An external corner formed by two stone panels, at an angle with meeting edges mitered and exposed portion finished.

QUIRT: A groove separating a bead or other molding from the adjoining members.

QUOINS: Stones at the corner of a wall emphasized by size, projection, rustication, or by a different finish.

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